Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) including Stroke

Any injury to the head can cause brain injury. There are a variety of causes such as a fall, a road traffic accident, stroke, infection and disease. Children can be affected.

Accidents causing traumatic brain injury are the most common cause of brain injury in children.

The problems arising from brain injury can vary depending on the severity of the injury and where in the brain the injury is. The communication problems include –

  • Difficulty in continuing to develop verbal language in line with peers
  • Difficulties in a child’s ability to acquire ‘new learning’
  • Difficulties in developing vocabulary and using language appropriately
  • Hearing
  • Swallowing
  • ‘Thinking’ – organising, planning and problem solving
  • Concentration and memory
  • Reading and writing
  • Changes in behaviour
  • Fatigue


Speech and Language Therapists can help a child with these difficulties by –

  • Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of general communication
  • Assessment would include looking at muscle weakness, vocabulary, reading, writing and the ability to follow a conversation
  • Giving specific interventions to help communication skills
  • Giving interventions via therapy groups or on a one to one basis
  • Giving extra activities and exercises will be to work on in-between sessions
  • Helping a child regain confidence
  • Working with children and their families to facilitate effective communication
  • Working with medical and social work teams

Last updated: January 29th, 2018